How to file GST returns for online business?
The trend of selling goods & services online has seen a boost like never-before. It is convenient & economical to sell online and one could take up this business even along-with their ongoing profession/business or Job.
The government has also realized the potential of the online ecosystem and that is why we have been seeing introduction of various tax compliances on online businesses time & again.
In this article, we will primarily discuss on how a Seller on E-commerce portal could file their GST returns and also on some recent compliance that has been made applicable.
Types of Online Sellers
There could be broadly 2 types of online sellers
- E-commerce operator: These are the platform owners who provide online selling platforms for sellers & service providers to sell their goods & services. Some popular E-commerce operators are: Amazon, Flipkart, Snapdeal, Play-store etc.
- Sellers on E-commerce Portal: These are the sellers who register themselves on the E-commerce platforms to sell their goods & services to the consumers. In this article, we are primarily addressing on how these sellers could file their GST returns
Before we begin with the return filing process. Let’s discuss about some of the recent compliances which impacts the online Ecosystem
- TCS @ 1% under GST on online selling: E-commerce operators are required to deduct 1% TCS on sales generated by the sellers on their platforms.
- Introduction of TDS (under income tax): The budget 2020 proposed to levy TDS @ 1% on payments made towards supply of goods or services facilitated through e-commerce platforms, if the gross payment exceeds Rs 5 lakh a year.
The rationale behind the above deductions is pretty clear, the government wants to keep a track of online business. Since, there would be TCS under GST and TDS under income tax, one needs to file their GST & income tax returns accurately to avoid any tax complications.
Which GST returns are required to be filed by the online sellers?
Currently like all other sellers, online sellers too are required to file GSTR 3B on a monthly basis and GSTR 1 on monthly or quarterly basis (depending upon the turnover). Those with annual turnover beyond 1.5 crores are required to file GSTR-1 monthly.
Also, since, e-commerce operators are collecting TCS on monthly basis, this can also be claimed by the online sellers on a monthly basis and could be used in settlement of GST output tax liabilities.
How to file the GST returns by online seller?
Unlike the normal sellers, who normally get their books of accounts written through accounting software, online sellers might not be using any accounting software or might not even getting their accounting done.
The accounting software, would normally provide the requisite date & reports to file the required GST returns & required reconciliation can also be done easily.
Fortunately, for online sellers, the e-commerce platforms provide the reports based on GST which can be used to file the GST returns.
GST based reports are provided by all major E-commerce platforms like Amazon, Flipkart, Snapdeal. Also, they provide the commission invoices and other useful reports which could be used for reporting & reconciliations as well. However, it is always recommended that these reports be reconciled with the books of accounts for any discrepancies before filing the GST returns.
How to use the reports to file the GST
These reports basically have the details of the Supplies, returns, cancellation etc. made by the seller. Some of the e-portals even provide the reports based on the tables/sections required in the GST return.
Disclaimer: The above post is only for the purpose of academic discussion and should not be construed as any legal opinion in any matter whatsoever.
The author is a CA in practice at Delhi and can be contacted at: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org